Mechanisms of Periodontal Disease
THE NEXT DDS
After listening to and reviewing this podcast, the listener should:
- Understand factors that contribute to the formation and progression of periodontal disease
- Know how periodontal disease behaves and presents in the oral environment
The periodontium is the functional unit that surrounds and
supports the dentition and is composed of the gingiva, the periodontal
ligament, the cementum, and the bone. Gingiva is constituted by the free
gingiva, the attached gingiva, and the interdental papilla. The periodontal
ligament is located in the periodontal space between the alveolar bone and the
cementum, which provides attachment for the periodontal fiber
groups. The bone, which is adjacent to the ligament space, is formed
by the lamina dura and the alveolar bone.
- Oliver RC, Brown LJ, Löe H. Periodontal diseases in the United States population. J Periodontol 1998;69(2):269-277.
- Heins PJ, Karpinia KA, Maruniak JW, et al. Pain threshold values during periodontal probing: Assessment of maxillary incisors and molar sites. J Periodontol 1998;69(7):812-818.
- Nordland WP, Tarnow DP. A classification system for loss of papillary height. J Periodontol 1998;69(10):1124-1126.
- Machtei EE, Hausmann E, Schmidt M, et al. Radiographic and clinical responses to periodontal therapy. J Periodontol 1998;69(5):590-595.
- Golub LM, Lee HM, Greenwald RA, et al. A matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor reduces bone-type collagen degradation fragments and specific collagenases in gingival crevicular fluid during adult periodontitis. Inflamm Res 1997;46:310-319.