Preparation Design and Considerations for Direct Posterior Composite Inlay/Onlay Restoration
Jason Fligor, DDS
This case study presents the factors that must be addressed when considering the type of tooth reduction required for contemporary inlay/onlay restoration. Upon completing this case study, the reader should:
- Understand the role of correct preparation design on the success of a posterior composite restoration.
- Recognize the preparation sequence associated with successful inlay/onlay restoration in the posterior region.
In order to ensure a functional, aesthetic, and long-lasting porcelain result, clinicians need to anticipate the strengths and limits of the restorative material, as well as the specific requisites of the presented case. As flaws in preparation design can have significant and detrimental effects on the final result, clinical comprehension of the dimensions and limitations during this step is of the utmost importance. This case study discusses a case presentation in which porcelain restorations were placed for two adjacent teeth. Although the clinician anticipated placing inlay or onlay restorations, the degree of decay and the location of hairline fractures would necessitate prophylactic removal of a weakened or undermined cusp.
The long-term success of an indirect posterior restoration is dependent upon many factors. The clinician must first assess the tooth being treated, and then select a restorative material that will provide a durable result, while preserving sound tooth structure wherever possible. Current materials and adhesive techniques have demonstrated predictable, aesthetic results. These bonded restorations, under the proper conditions, will serve patients for many years. Long-term intraoral success and the ability to create conservative preparations make bonded porcelain an ideal restorative material in many situations.
*Private practice, Seattle, Washington.
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