Improving the Retention of Resilient Liner Materials to Dentures
Neal B. Gittleman, DMD • Xavier E. Saab, DDS, MS • Selda Sayek, DMD
for the treatment of edentulous patients is a common procedure in the dental
practice. As part of the comprehensive preparation of a patient receiving
complete dentures, tissue conditioning aids in the recovery of the mucosa prior
to making definitive impressions.1 A recovered mucosa improves the
stability of record bases, making the process of denture fabrication more predictable
when determining maxillomandibular relations and making centric relation
records. It also increases the retention and stability of the prostheses.
procedure for the reline of dentures with a resilient material is simple and quick.
It can be performed chairside and provides the patient with immediate results. The
success of this procedure, however, depends on the ability of the reline
material to bond to the denture substrate. The most common difficulties that arise
during the relining of removable prostheses are associated with the retention
of the soft reline material around the borders of the denture. The current
literature on resilient liners is focused on their chemical and physical
properties.2,3 Several methods have been studied and described to
chemically improve the bond strength of resilient liners to the denture base.4-6
Little attention has been paid to create a mechanical source of retention for
resilient liners. The technique outlined herein has several advantages: 1) it
provides mechanical retention of the denture liner to the denture base; 2) it
allows for a definite finish line of the material, making it easier to finish
and polish; and 3) if border extensions are required, it reinforces the new borders
created with the resilient material.
- Disinfect the prosthesis and remove organic and mineral
deposits using an ultrasonic cleaner.
- If the borders of the denture are extended correctly, carve
a 2-mm--deep groove using a No. 8 round bur 2 mm from the borders of the
denture on the intaglio surface. If the
borders of the denture need to be extended or modified, carve a 2-mm--deep groove
using the round bur alongside the borders on the polished surface (Figure 1). It is essential to continue the groove into
the palatal surface of the prosthesis (Figure 2).
- Roughen the entire surface to be covered with the reline
material, removing any polished or glazed areas of acrylic.
- Apply any bonding or surface-activating chemical agent,
following the manufacturer’s instructions of the resilient liner. The authors have found that wetting the
intaglio surface of the prosthesis with polymethylmethacrylate monomer
increases porosity; therefore, it enhances mechanical retention (Figure 3).
- Mix the appropriate amount of monomer and polymer of the
resilient liner according to the manufacturer’s instructions, and cover the
entire surface to be lined (Figure 4). Be
sure to extend reline material into the retention groove (Figure 5).
- Introduce the prosthesis intraorally. Instruct the patient to close to the desired
occlusal vertical dimension in the centric occlusion position and perform
border molding movements. Allow the material to polymerize intraorally for 10
to 15 minutes.
- Remove the denture from the patient’s mouth. Trim any excess material, finish, and polish
(Figure 6). Insert the prosthesis, inspect
for any errors in the occlusion, and perform adjustments. Implement a patient remount procedure, if necessary.
The retention of
resilient denture liners to the acrylic denture base is one of the most common difficulties
encountered during the relining of dentures.
This article describes how this can be eased by the addition of a
retention groove alongside the borders of the denture. A retention groove also reinforces the reline
when extending or modifying denture borders.
‡Private practice, Dallas, TX
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